Factor Proportions Theory. . Heckscher-Ohlin theory of international trade was given by Eli Heckscher and Bertil Ohlin. It emphasises the differences in factor endowment between countries are the basis for international trade. This analysis known as the “factor-proportions analysis” has been given by Bertil Ohlin and it has replaced the comparative cost theory. The difference in… Heckscher-Ohlin (H/O) theory is also known as factor-endowment theory. The factor proportions theory developed by the Swedish economist Eli Heckscher, and later expanded by his former graduate student Bertil Ohlin, formed the major theory of international trade and is still widely accepted today. This theory says that in reality, trade is not just determined by technological differences, but it also reflects differences in factor endowments across countries. Trade theory, like all of economic theory, changed drastically in the first half of the twentieth century. Ohlin has drawn his ideas from Heckscher’s General Equilibrium Analysis. The modern theory of international trade is an extension of the general equilibrium theory of value. Heckscher-Ohlin Theory; Both the Absolute as well as Comparative international trade theories assume that the choice of the product that can prove itself to be of great advantage is led by free and open markets instead of using the resources available inland. Two Swedish economists, Eli Heckscher and Bertil Ohlin gave one more model of International Trade. International trade - International trade - Sources of comparative advantage: As already noted, British classical economists simply accepted the fact that productivity differences exist between countries; they made no concerted attempt to explain which commodities a country would export or import. For example, Canada exports forestry products to the United States not because its workers are more … Hence it is also known as Heckscher Ohlin (HO) Model. Hence it is also known as Heckscher Ohlin (HO) Model. Almost after a century and a quarter of the classical version of the theory of international trade, two Swedish economists, Eli Heckscher and Bertil Ohlin, propounded a theory that is known as the factor endowment theory or the factor proportions theory. Heckscher-Ohlin model. It is also called as factors proportions theory and states that the country will produce and export those products whose production require those factory which are in great supply in-country and have low manufacturing cost. Heckscher-Ohlin Theory. factor endowments theory of international trade, also known as the Heckscher-Ohlin theory of international trade in reference to its creators, Eli Heckscher and Bertil Ohlin.1 One of the first extensive tests of the theory was conducted by Leontief.2 His surprising results that United It is a basic model of trade and production. The difference in… -2-1938-70,acabinetmember1944-45,theleaderoftheliberalparty 1944-67,anddiedon3August1979inStockholm. According to Bertil Ohlin, trade arises due to the differences in the relative prices of different goods in different countries. The Modern Theory of international trade has been advocated by Bertil Ohlin. According to Bertil Ohlin, trade arises due to the differences in the relative prices of different goods in different countries. The Modern Theory of international trade has been advocated by Bertil Ohlin. Ohlin has drawn his ideas from Heckscher's General Equilibrium Analysis.